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John Tyler, Jr. Papers

Identifier: Mss. 78 T97

  • Staff Only
  • No requestable containers

Scope and Contents

Series 1: Group A, Acc. 78 T97 and 1992.63:  Papers, 1856-1895, of John Tyler, Jr., post Civil War Republican Party activist. Subjects covered by the collection include alcoholism, Republican Party politics, Presidential elections, political patronage, Reconstruction, Methodist Episcopal Church, Florida, Braxton Bragg, and the Fenian Brotherhood. Prominent correspondents include Charles Francis Adams, Chester Alan Arthur, Pierre G. T. Beauregard, James Gillespie Blaine, James Buchanan, Jefferson Davis, Benjamin Stoddert Ewell, Henry Stuart Foote, Nathan Bedford Forrest, James A. Garfield, John Brown Gordon, Horace Greeley, Wade Hampton, Rutherford B. Hayes, Andrew Johnson, Joseph Eggleston Johnston, L. Q. C. Lamar, William Mahone, Raphael Semmes, William Henry Seward, John Sherman, Leroy Pope Walker, and William Lowndes Young. Acc. 1992.63 consists of letters of John Tyler, Jr., son of the President, to Mrs. Laura Holloway, author of a book on the ladies of the White House. Letters written from Washington, D.C.

Series 2: Group B, Papers of Martha Rochelle Tyler.  They include a diary by Marie Antoinette Rochelle, correspondence of Martha R. Tyler from 1861-1928, postcards of Virginia, United States, a few European countries and other subjects, accounts from 1885-1910 and legal records from 1882-1910.

Series 3, Acc. 2009.148 Additon. Papers relating to John Tyler, Jr. and his family. The predominant dates are 1860-1885. Correspondents include Letitia C. Tyler Shands, her husband William B. Shands, and Robert Tyler. Among the topics covered are the Civil War, Post Civil War politics, as well as family affairs. Includes poems, poems, military and political notes and documents, Letitia Christian Shands letters, Martha Rochelle Tyler correspondence, newspapers, political and legal documents.


  • Creation: 1800-1928


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access:

Collection is open to all researchers. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.

Conditions Governing Use:

Before reproducing or quoting from any materials, in whole or in part, permission must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.

Biographical Information:

John Tyler, Jr. (1819-1896) was private secretary to his father John Tyler (1790-1862) during his presidency, 1841-1845, Confederate Army officer and Assistant Secretary of War, 1861-1865, activist in Republican Party politics, assistant newspaper editor of the Washington National Intelligencer, and Tallahassee, Fla. Sentinel, editor of the Fernandina, Fla. Observer, Treasury Department official, lawyer and licensed preacher in the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Further information about this individual or organization may be available in the Special Collections Research Center Wiki: Tyler, Jr.


13.75 Linear Feet

Arrangement of Materials:

A portion of this collection is currently being arranged and described. Consult a staff member for assistance.

Physical Characteristics or Technical Requirements:

Acc. 2009.148 has not been processed yet. Researchers may wish to consult with a staff member for further information in advance of using the collection.

Acquisition Information:

Acc. 78 T97: The vast majority of this collection was donated to William & Mary, Special Collections Research Center in 1978 by William R. Shands, Josephine W. Shands, Letitia C. Shands, and Bessie T. Shands. Between 1980 and 1992 additional Tyler materials were purchased by the Special Collections Research Center (Acc. 1992.67). Acc. 2009.148 was a gift of William R. Shands, Jr. and his sister Martha Jane Albus, 4/10/2009.

Related Materials:

See also; Tyler Family Papers, Group A, Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.

Alternate Extent Statement

Acc. 78 T97 and 1992.63 are 5303 items; Acc. 2009.148 is 1 cu.ft.

Processing Information:

Acc. 78 T97 and 1992.67 processed by Special Collections Staff prior ot 2007. Acc. 2009.148 accessioned by Ute Schechter, Warren E. Burger Archivist, in April 2009. Acc. 2009.148 was arranged and described by Kate Hill, SCRC Staff, in summer 2009 and further arranged and described by Terry Noziglia, SCRC Staff, in September-October 2009.


Guide to the John Tyler, Jr. Papers
Finding Aid Authors: Special Collections Staff.
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Language of description note
The collection description/finding aid is written in English

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Research Center Repository