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William F. Willoughby Papers

Identifier: Mss. 72 W66

  • Staff Only
  • No requestable containers

Scope and Contents

Papers 1818-1955, of William Willoughby, economist, government official, director for the Institute of Research. The papers of William F. Willoughby, mostly concern his service as treasurer and secretary of Puerto Rico and as deputy legal adviser to President Yuan Shikai of China during the period when Yuan made an unsuccessful attempt to restore the monarchy to China by having himself crowned emperor. The collection includes personal correspondence of Willougby with his twin brother Westel Woodbury Willoughby, sister Alice Estelle Willoughby, copies of official memorandum prepared for the Chinese and published writings. There are also genealogical materials concerning the Willoughby and Woodbury families.


  • Creation: 1818-1955
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1891-1937


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access:

Collection is open to all researchers. Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from the Manuscripts and Rare Books Librarian, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.

Biographical Information:

Graduated from Johns Hopkins in 1885, served as statistical expert for the US Department of Labor, member of the International Jury of Awards, Paris Exposition of 1900, instructor of economics at Harvard University in 1901, treasurer, secretary, and president of the Executive Council of Puerto Rico (1901-1909), assistant director of the US Census in 1910, member of the US Commission on Economy & Efficiency in Government, McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence at Princeton University in 1912, deputy legal adviser to president of China (1914-16), director of Institute for Government Research (1916-32), and consultant to the Library of Congress (1940-44).

Further information about this individual or organization may be available in the Special Collections Research Center Wiki:


2.90 Linear Feet

Acquisition Information:


Guide to the William F. Willoughby Papers
Margaret Cook, Manuscripts Curator.
Language of description
Script of description
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Revision Statements

  • May 24th, 2018: Collection rehoused and finding aid revised and updated by Matthew Abel, Special Collections student assistant, in 2013.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Research Center Repository