Papers 1818-1955, of William Willoughby, economist, government official, director for the Institute of Research. The papers of William F. Willoughby, mostly concern his service as treasurer and secretary of Puerto Rico and as deputy legal adviser to President Yuan Shikai of China during the period when Yuan made an unsuccessful attempt to restore the monarchy to China by having himself crowned emperor. The collection includes personal correspondence of Willougby with his twin brother Westel Woodbury Willoughby, sister Alice Estelle Willoughby, copies of official memorandum prepared for the Chinese and published writings. There are also genealogical materials concerning the Willoughby and Woodbury families.
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Graduated from Johns Hopkins in 1885, served as statistical expert for the US Department of Labor, member of the International Jury of Awards, Paris Exposition of 1900, instructor of economics at Harvard University in 1901, treasurer, secretary, and president of the Executive Council of Puerto Rico (1901-1909), assistant director of the US Census in 1910, member of the US Commission on Economy & Efficiency in Government, McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence at Princeton University in 1912, deputy legal adviser to president of China (1914-16), director of Institute for Government Research (1916-32), and consultant to the Library of Congress (1940-44).
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