Civilian Conservation Corps Photographs, Petersburg and Waverly, Virginia
Scope and Contents
71 photographs of people, buildings and grounds at the Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Petersburg, Virginia and Waverly, Virginia. The Petersburg Camp, a predominantly white camp, was Company 1364, and the Waverly Camp, a predominantly black camp, was Camp P-55, Company 376. Captain Joseph James Matthews was the commander and responsible for the construction and landscaping of the camp, plus the training of the men.
Alice Erickson, the daughter of Captain Joseph James Matthews, gave the following information about the camps.
Captain Matthews: Captain Matthews was commander of the two camps, the predominantly Black camp in Waverly, Virginia and the predominantly White Camp in Petersburg, Virginia.
The Camps: Her father’s philosophy was that since the camps were home to these men, they should reflect this image. He initiated plantings of many trees, bushes and flowers to beautify the grounds. He also used stone to build walls, fences, water fountains and the entranceway columns. He wanted to create a pleasant atmosphere.
Gray Lumber Company in Waverly, Virginia was the supplier of the lumber for the buildings at the camps.
The Men: Captain Matthews had high expectations of the men in his company. He expected them to be neat and regimental in appearance. The men were required to send money home. Their primary jobs were building railroads, working in the camp kitchen and learning new skills.
- Creation: 1933-1939
- Matthews, Joseph James (Captain) (Person)
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access:
Collection is open to all researchers. Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, such as the Virginia Public Records Act (Code of Virginia. § 42.1-76-91); and the Virginia Freedom of Information Act (Code of Virginia § 2.2-3705.5). Confidential material may include, but is not limited to, educational, medical, and personnel records. If sensitive material is found in this collection, please contact a staff member immediately. The disclosure of personally identifiable information pertaining to a living individual may have legal consequences for which the College of William and Mary assumes no responsibility.
Conditions Governing Use:
Before reproducing or quoting from any materials, in whole or in part, permission must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, and the holder of the copyright, if not Swem Library.
Captain Joseph James Matthews was a Captain in the United States Calvary and the Commander of Civilian Conservation Corps Company 1364 in Petersburg and Company 376 in Waverly, Virginia. Further information about this individual or organization may be available in the Special Collections Research Center Wiki: .
0.25 Linear Feet
Arrangement of Materials:
Alphabetical by camp number, family names or topics.
Grouped by subject and put into milar sleeves.
- Guide to the Civilian Conservation Corps Photographs, Petersburg and Waverly, Virginia
- Finding Aid Authors: Anne T. Johnson.
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- The collection description/finding aid is written in English